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ILO Training Course on

This course is organised by the Social Dimension of Trade and Investment (SDTI) Programme of ITC-ILO in collaboration with the Employment-Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP) of the International Labour Office.


Sustainable development is generally described as a process oriented towards the fulfilment of human needs while preserving the quality of the natural environment. The training course being offered will consider how investment in infrastructure can contribute to this process, with particular attention given to the potential and observed results of employment-intensive programmes. 

There is sufficient evidence that an improvement in living conditions depends on, among others, the possibilities for gaining better access to productive resources, remunerated employment, and/or basic services (transport, water, housing, education, health, etc.). In this respect, the construction sector has an important weight, also considering that a large share of public resources in developing countries and transition economies are invested in this sector. But this potential, and more particularly the possibilities for employment and income generation, are often unrealised and/or under-exploited.

The international experience shows that employment-intensive investments in works and services of public and community interest can be competitive and sustainable in low-wage, labour-surplus economies where they encourage a judicious combination of local labour with light equipment and other locally available resources. Through wage creation/distribution, SME development, community participation, training and improved labour practices, this type of investment can help achieve economic and social development objectives. By their very nature, these works are less destructive to the natural environment compared to heavily mechanised operations and can also be used for preservation/restoration purposes.

This course will focus on how to conceive and implement employment-intensive infrastructure programmes, as well as how to mainstream the employment-intensive approaches into poverty reduction strategies and national development policies, also in line with the existing decentralisation processes. Pertinent concepts will be shared, and good practice will be illustrated to guide future work in this area. The concerns of and possible benefits to ILO constituents and other national actors will also be debated.


The ultimate aim of the course is to contribute towards the adoption and effective implementation of national policies favouring the optimum use of local labour and other resources towards poverty reduction and sustainable development. More specifically, upon completing their training, participants will know better the features and operational aspects of the employment-intensive investment approaches supported by the ILO and other development partners, and have at their disposal guidelines and tools for the elaboration of appropriate policies and programmes.

Target Audience

  • Policy-makers and senior government officials responsible for national development/sectoral policies, or for investment plans, employment policies, or poverty reduction strategies
  • Staff of technical departments and agencies involved in infrastructure development   
  • National associations of workers and employers (the nomination of representatives from the construction sector is highly desirable)
  • National educational and training institutions in the development field
  • Managers of relevant development programmes and projects

Participation of women is strongly encouraged.


Day 1: Employment-intensive investment (EII) in infrastructure        

  • The ‘employment-intensive’ concept: perceptions and definitions
  • The economic, social and environmental dimensions of EII in infrastructure   
  • Regional experiences and perspectives       

Day 2: Local-level planning, participation and job creation

  • Optimum use of local resources in the context of decentralisation   
  • Integrated Rural Accessibility Planning (IRAP): a participatory planning tool
  • Pro-employment urban development strategies  

Day 3: Design and implementation of employment-intensive infrastructure programmes

  • Employment, procurement and private sector development:     
  • Involving the local construction industry
  • Training and capacity-building aspects
  • Improved labour practices
  • The social protection function of EII programmes
  • Asset management and quality assurance  

Day 4: Mainstreaming EII into national development frameworks and poverty reduction strategies  

  • Employment-intensive growth: the role of public investment in infrastructure  
  • Assessing the employment and poverty impact of EII in infrastructure
  • Operational mechanisms for mainstreaming  

Day 5: Conclusions and recommendations

  • Orientations for future work
  • Final wrap-up
  • Course evaluation


The Turin Centre’s staff will facilitate the course with the assistance of specialists from ILO HQs and field units. A highly participatory approach will be adopted for ensuring an active intervention of all participants and a constructive exchange of ideas and information.
The course will combine individual presentations by experts and participants, panel discussions, and group work on selected topics.

In conformity with the Turin Centre procedures, an evaluation of the course will be carried out at the end of the event to determine the perceived relevance of course content to participants’ needs and the effectiveness of the methodology and materials employed in achieving the course's training objectives.

Venue: International Training Centre of the ILO (ITC-ILO), Turin - ITALY

Dates: 23rd - 27th March 2009

Deadline for Subscription: 13th February 2009   

Language: English

The course is fee-paying. The total cost of Euros 2,000 includes:

(a) tuition fees (EUR 1,040), covering programme development and management, the use of classrooms and teaching equipment, office supplies, training materials, and secretarial and administrative support costs;

(b) participant subsistence (EUR 960), including bed & breakfast, two meals, personal laundry, insurance, minor medical care, socio-cultural activities and a course dinner. 

For additional information please contact: 

Activity Manager: Valter NEBULONI (Mr), v.nebuloni[at], +39 011 693 6432

Course Assistant: Sophie OUINE (Ms),, +39 011 693 6522

Viale Maestri del Lavoro,
1010127 Turin,


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